Delhi (The Capital of India) is the capital city of India. It is third largest city of the world. Located on the bank of River Yamuna. It serves as the centre of the government of India and the government of the national copital territory of delhi. It is one the nine districts of delhi union territory. New Delhi hosts 134 foreign embassies/ high commissions.
Its is one of the fastest growing cities in the world and has a total population of nearing three hundred thousand residents. New delhi is one of the world’s top global cities. The National Geographic’s Traveler Magazine describes it as one of the ultimate cities of a lifetime to visit and explore. New Delhi is the most expensive city in India for expatriates in terms of cost of living.
Its divided into two parts Old Delhi and New Delhi.
‘Old’ Delhi, the capital of Muslim India between the mid-17th and late 19th centuries, is full of formidable mosques, monuments and forts. The ancient Delhi of the Mughal emperors was surrounded by a wall and was a congested city of narrow bylanes. Though better known as Old Delhi, this area is also called Delhi. Old Delhi , Shah Jahan’s seventeenth-century capital ( Shahjahanabad ), lies 2km or so further north.The Delhi Jn rly stn is in Old Delhi, the inter-state bus terminus is slightly to the north, at the Kashmiri Gate. Buses go to all over north and west India from the Kashmiri Gate. Near the Delhi Gate lies the Yamuna on the left and the Aruna Asaf Ali Rd on the right, ending at Ramlila Pavilion, the juncture of Old and New Delhi.
It’s a lively area of colourful bazaars, narrow streets and barely controlled chaos. Monuments in sandstone and marble, which stand in assorted states of repair, make Delhi a veritable museum of Indo-Islamic architecture, seen at its best in the frenetic streets of Old Delhi. Old Delhi looks entirely different from the more modern New Delhi and south Delhi areas.
The other Delhi, the imperial city created as the capital of India by the British. In addition to its historic interest and role as the government centre, Delhi is a major travel gateway. In 1911, the British asked Lutyens to give new meaning to city development which is reflected in the architectural designs and sophistication that buildings in Delhi like Parliament House, Rashtrapati Bhavan, India Gate, Connaught Place and various administrative buildings like the South and North blocks along the breathtaking view available from Raj Path. The capital of the Indian republic is at New Delhi, the planned city devised by the British. The smooth roads, modern houses and buildings and offices and departments attract tourist. As you come out of the New Delhi rly stn, in front is Paharganj and on the south Chemsford Road which intersect at Connaught Place. New Delhi, the imperial city created by the British Raj, is composed of spacious, tree-lined avenues and imposing government buildings, and has a sense of order absent from other parts of the city.
Monument of Delhi
Rashtrapati Bhawan built with a mix of western and Indian styles. It was originally built for the Governor Gerneral of India. Inaugurated in 1931 as the viceregal Lodge, the name was changed in 1959 after india became a republic. Now is the presidentail place of India.
India Gate and Rajpath
India Gate is a memorial raised in honour of the Indian soldiers who died during the Afghan wars and world war. The names of the soldiers who died in these war are inscribed on the walls. The cenotaph in the middle is constructed with black marble and depicts a rifle placed on its barrel, crested by a soldier’s helmet Each face of the cenotaph has inscribed in gold the words Amar Jawan. The Green Lawns at India Gate are a popular evening and holiday rendezvous for young and old alike. Every year the Republic day celebrations are made in Delhi. The armymen and other citizens of India who are awarded or who participate in the celebration walk through the Rajpath.
Akshardham Temple it is the largest Hindu Temple in the world. It was built in 2005. In the sprawling 100-acre(0.40 km) land rests an intricately carved monument, high-technology exhibitions, an IMAX theatre, a musical fountain, a food court and gardens.
Humayun’s Tomb was built for Humayun’s window, Hamida Banu Begum. Designed by a Persian architect named Mirak Mirza Ghiyas, the structure was begun in 1562 and completed in 1565. The tomb established a standard for all later Mughal monuments, which followed its design, most notably the Taj mahal.
The Qutub Minar is located in a small village Mehrauli in southe Delhi. It was built by Qutab-ud-din Aibak of the slave dynasty, who took possession of delhi in 1206. It is a fluted red sandstone tower, which tapers up to a height of 72.5 metres and is covered with intricate carvings and verses from the Quran. Qutub-ud-din Aybak began constructing this victory tower as a sign of muslim domination of delhi and as a minaret for the muezzin to call the faithful ot prayer. However only the first story was completed by Qutb-ud-din. The Other stories were built by his successor Iltutmish. The two circular stories in white marble were built by Ferozshah Tughlaq in 1368, replacing the original fourth story.
The balconies in the tower are supported by exquisite stalactite designs. The tapering tower has pointed and circular flutings on the first storey and star-shaped ones on the second and third stories.
The decision for constructing the Red fort was made in 1639, when Shah Jahan decided to shift his capital from Agra to Delhi. Within eight years,Shahjahanabad was completed with the Red Fort-Qila-i-Mubarak (fortunate citadel) — Delhi’s seventh fort — ready in all its magnificence to receive the Emperor. Though much has changed with the large-scale demolitions during the British occupation of the fort, its important structures have survived.On every republic day the flag of India is hosted by the president.
Chandni Chowk, a main marketplace in Delhi, keeps alive the city’s living legacy of Shahjahanabad. Created by Shah Jahan the builder of Taj Mahal, the old city, with the Red Fort as its focal point and Jama Masjid as the praying centre, has a fascinating market called Chandni Chowk. Legend has it that Shah Jahan planned Chandni Chowk so that his daughter could shop for all that she wanted. The market was divided by canals. The canals are now closed, but Chandni Chowk remains Asia’s largest wholesale market. Crafts once patronized by the Mughals continue to flourish there. Chowk is one of the oldest and busiest markets in central north Delhi, the Laal Quila (The Red Fort) and Fateh Puri Masjid. With the most famous mosque of Delhi Jama Masjid in the vicinity, along with Sis Ganj Gurudwara, Jain Mandir and a lot of small temples, the place witnesses a genuine cultural harmony.
The Masjid-i-Jahan Numa, commonly known as Jama Masjid, is the principal mosque of Old Delhi. Commissioned by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan and completed in the year 1656, it is one of the largest and best known mosques in India.
On the bank Yamuna River, which flows past Delhi, there is Raj Ghal, the final resting place of Mahatma Gandhi, the father of the nation. It has become an essential point of call for all visiting dignitaries. Two museums dedicated to Gandhi are situated nearby.
Lying close to the Raj Ghat, the Shanti Vana (literally, the forest of peace) is the place where India’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru was cremated. The area is now a beautiful park adorned by trees planted by visiting dignitaries and heads of state.
The Baha’i Temple, situated in South Delhi, is shaped like a lotus. It is an eye-catching edifice worth exploring. Built by the Baha’i community, it offers the visitor a serenity that pervades the temple and its artistic design.
The Purana Quila (Old Fort) is a good example of medieval military architecture. Built by Pandavas, renovated by Humayun, with later modifications by Sher Shah Suri, the Purana Quila is a monument of bold design, which is strong, straightforward, and every inch a fortress. It is different from the well-planned, carefully decorated, and palatial forts of the later Mughal rulers. Purana Quila is also different from the later forts of the Mughals, as it does not have a complex of palaces, administrative, and recreational buildings as is generally found in the forts built later on. The main purpose of this now dilapidated fort was its utility with less emphasis on decoration. The Qal’a-I-Kunha Masjid and the Sher are two important monuments inside the fort. It was made by Aqeel in 1853.
When Ghazi Malik founded the Tughlaq Dynasty in 1321, he built the strongest fort in Delhi at Tughlaqabad, completed with great speed within four years of his rule. It is said that Ghazi Malik, when only a slave to Mubarak Khilji, had suggested this rocky prominence as an ideal site for a fort. The Khilji Sultan laughed and suggested that the slave build a fort there when he became a Sultan. Ghazi Malik as Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq did just that: Tughlaqabad is Delhi’s most colossal and awesome fort even in its ruined state. Within its sky-touching walls, double-storied bastions, and gigantic towers were housed grand palaces, splendid mosques, and audience halls.
Distance from major cities
Agra 210 Kms
Jaipur 263 Kms
Mandawa 266 Kms
How To Reach There
Indra Gandhi International Airport is self explanatory.
Delhi Railway Station is well connected with all major states & cities of India.
NH-2 connects Delhi with Agra and NH-8 connects Jaipur with Delhi.
- Chor Bazaar, New Delhi
- Bukhara Restaurant, New Delhi
- Zaffran, New Delhi
- Nirula’s, New Delhi
- Kasbah Restaurant, New Delhi
Hotels in New Delhi
|Luxury Hotels||Medium Hotels||Budget Hotels|
|Taj Mahal Palace||Tivoli Garden||Florence inn|
|Radisson||Amarya Haveli||Grand Godwin|
|The Oberoi||Palace Heights||Godwin Deluxe|
|Shangri La||Hotel Amber|