Rajasthan is the largest state of the Republic of India according to area. It encompasses most of the large, inaccessible Great Indian Desert Thar Desert, with one border of the Sutlej Indus river valley along its border with Pakistan.
Jaipur is the capital and largest city of the state. Geographical features include the end of the Ghaggar river near the archaeological ruins of Thar Desert and Kalibanga in the Indus Valley Civilization along with north-western Rajasthan, which is the oldest in the Indian subcontinent so far discovered. One of the world’s oldest mountain ranges, the Aravalli Range, cradles the only hill station of Rajasthan.
Rajasthan is culturally rich and has artistic and cultural traditions that reflect the ancient Indian way of life. There is a rich and varied folk culture from villages which is often depicted and is symbolic of the state. Highly cultivated classical music and dance with its own distinct style is part of the cultural tradition of Rajasthan. The music is simple and the songs reflect day-to-day relationships and work, often focused on bringing water from wells or ponds.
Ghoomar dance of Udaipur and Kalbeliya dance of Jaisalmer have gained international recognition. Folk music is an important part of Rajasthani culture. Kathputli Bhopa, Teratali, Ghindr, Chang, Tejaji, Kachchhighori, etc. are examples of the traditional Rajasthani culture.
Folk songs are usually ballads that relate to heroic deeds and love stories; and religious and devotional songs known as bhajans and banis (often accompanied by musical instruments like dholak, sitar, sarangi, etc.) are also sung.
Fort and Palace in Rajasthan
Amber Fort, (11 km from central Jaipur). The huge fort-palace complex built in Hindu-Muslim style dates back to the time of Raja Man Singh and was the royal palace of the Kachhavahas from c. 1600 to 1727. The name has nothing to do with the rather pretty pastel yellow color; instead, the fort was named after the city of Amber, in turn it was named after the goddess Amba. The main sights within the fort is the Sheesh Mahal, adorned with thousands on thousands of mirror tiles on the walls and ceiling.
Hawa Mahal (or Hawa Mahal) was built in 1799 by Maharaja Sawai Singh as part of the City Palace. It was an extension of Zenana (Female) Room. The aim was to allow the royal women to observe everyday life on the street without being seen. It is a five-storey high red sandstone structure with over 950 windows. The breeze (or hawa in Hindi) circulates through these windows giving the palace its name. 50 Rs the entrance camera include.
The Nahargarh Fort was built by Sawai King Jai Singh in 1734. As Jaipur was their capital, the Nahargarh Fort was strategically important and was built as a means of enhancing Amer defenses. It was also known as Tiger Fort. New additions were done to the fort in the 19th century by Sawai Ram Singh II and Sawai Madhosingh II.
The fort is on a 280-hectare site on the top of a 180-meter-high hill, which rises abruptly from the surrounding plain. There are many palaces within the fort like Rana Kumbha Palace, Fateh Prakash Palace, Tower of Victory and Padmini’s Palace, which are a must-see for tourists. This hilltop fortress of Chittorgarh epitomizes.
Standing almost 30 m above the city of Jaisalmer is the Jaisalmer fort. The fort is also known as the Sonar Quila. This is because against the backdrop of the desert, standing with its golden sands, the fort looks straight from a fairy tale. The Sonar Fort of Jaisalmer is a vast complex, which includes a palace, various security sources, havelis of prosperous merchants, numerous temples and residential complexes of armies and traders. During the reign of the Bhatti Rajputs, the Merchant community-acquired a great deal of power.
Kumbhalgarh is a Mewar fort in the Rajsamand district of Rajasthan state in western India. Built by Rana Kumbha during the 15th century and grew through the 19th century, there is also the birthplace of Krupalgarh, Maharana Pratap, great king and warrior of Mewar. In occupation by the end of the 19th century, the fort is now open to the general public as a museum and is lit up brilliantly every few minutes for a few minutes. Kumbhalgarh has situated 82 km from Udaipur towards its northwest and is easily accessible by road. It is the most important fort in Mewar after Chittorgarh.
Junagarh Fort in Bikaner is an impressive fort built by a Rajput ruler. Raja Rai Singh in 1587. A fort has never been conquered, though it has been attacked many times, Junagarh Fort is an impressive monument, with huge towers and battlements for defense. Raja Rai Singh who lived in the times of the Mughal Emperors.